VIOLENT CRIMES FLOURISH unabated in our societies today. This is not recent practice but a continuation of violence of similar nature over a prolonged period.
People don't just wake-up one morning and decide to rape or murder someone. They've developed a perspective over a period of time that shaped their world view and regulates their behaviour.
People's attitudes are shaped by their socio-cultural environment, their education and their genetic heredity.
However there are other mechanisms that ensure that these three elements function in shaping individual behaviour, such as economic and social services.
The absence of these supporting mechanisms will directly or indirectly weaken the role of the three elements (there is much literature on this in behavioural science).
Bishop Young correctly posits programs that support young men's meaningful engagement in the economy including job creation and improving policing capacity to prevent crime.
We know that youth unemployment is high in Papua New Guinea (ADB 2012 and UNDP 2012). Drug abuse is rampant among unemployed youth including secondary school students.
Last year there were about 17,000 Grade 12 students graduating; only 4,000 gained admission to the tertiary institutions. Where are the majority, the 13,000 graduates, now?
Transport infrastructure has deteriorated from bad to worse in many rural areas (and in some urban centres) limiting access to markets and better health services.
The ratio of certified medical doctors to patients in PNG is 1:10,000 (Global Health Foundation 2010) and nurses to patients 0.5:1,000 (OECD, 2012).
In 2004 the Police Commission reported there are only 5,250 regular police officers, a police to population ration of 1:1,121.
The structure, size and deployment of regular police have remained unchanged since independence - completely oblivious to the growing population. These statistics and many more point to the reasons why our law and order problems are perpetuated with such ferocity.
I doubt the death penalty will deter violent crime in this country if these underlying issues are not addressed effectively by the respective responsible authorities and institutions.