Even with help, concern PNG will not be ready to host APEC
Opposition accuses O'Neill govt of falsifying PNG debt figures

PNG govt alert! Our literature could help us get to Vision 50

Daniel with author Mary Mennis
Daniel compares books with Australian author Mary Mennis


WABAG - An assignment given to first year trainees at Enga Teachers College on literature and its importance for primary school children, prompts me to reflect on a recent literary tour of Australia I undertook with three colleagues.

I wondered if teachers in the field were promoting literature. Did they have access to libraries stocked with books appropriate to their readers?

The Papua New Guinea government is spending millions of kina on its tuition free education policy each year.

It also supports sports, music and other major events. It has built modern stadiums, training facilities and provided cash incentives for athletes who win gold medals at Commonwealth and Olympic Games.

The PNG Hunters have lifted rugby league’s profile on the international stage through the Queensland Intrust Super Cup competition.  Many players have signed lucrative contracts.

EMTV’s Vocal Fusion has captivated audiences nationwide as a new wave of young men and women explode onto the screen. They have won cars and cash through their singing and signed contracts to produce albums.

All this is very good since it portrays PNG as a successful nation.

But the government seems not to understand that its writers – poets, journalists, essayists, authors - can also promote unity and help to change the mindset of the people.

In my views, all citizens should be treated equally to achieve the government’s ambitious Vision 50 goals which seek to include PNG in the top 50 human development index rankings by 2050.

The government hopes PNG will be a prosperous middle income country by 2030 and a world leader in the promotion of responsible sustainable development.

Literature can play a major part in achieving these objectives in terms of education, communication and the preservation of PNG’s rich cultural heritage.

While some people aspire to be professional singers, sports stars, entrepreneurs or successful in the professions, others strive to be successful writers.

But in PNG, our writers seem to have been supported only by the voluntary Crocodile Prize organisation and its offshoots like Pukpuk Publications and the McKinnon-Paga Hill fellowship scheme.

Former PNG residents Keith Jackson and Phil Fitzpatrick established the Crocodile Prize in 2011 and other initiatives like book publishing, writers workshops and fellowships followed in its wake.

Other generous companies and individuals also came on board with sponsorships - Ok Tedi Mining, Kina Securities, PNG Chamber of Mines, PNG Ministry of Tourism, Paga Hill Development Company, SP Brewery, Cleland Family, PNG Association of Australia, Ian Kemish and Roxanne Martens and others.

Daniel & Francis Nii registering for the Brisbane writers festival
Daniel & celebrated author Francis Nii register for their session at the 2016 Brisbane Writers Festival

My spirits lifted when I won a prize the Crocodile Prize competition and went on a literary tour of Australia in 2016 with three colleagues – Francis Nii, Martyn Namorong and Rashmii Bell.

We attended the annual Brisbane Writer’s Festival, met Australian authors and media personalities and visited organisations like the New South Wales Writers Centre in Sydney.

Since its inception the Crocodile Prize had exposed raw talent from most parts of PNG. Generous cash prizes of K5,000 were paid to winners in different categories of writing. The depth of talent became evident in six published annual anthologies of essays, poems and short stories.

Over time, some stunning novels, memoirs and collections of writing were published including three remarkable novels – Fitman, Rightman and Cooks by Francis Nii, Man of Calibre by Baka Bina and Sibona by Emmanuel Peni.

Immediately after our Australian tour, Rashmii Bell edited the stupendous collection of women’s writing, My Walk to Equality, and I chimed in with Survivor - Alive in Mum’s Loving Arms, which also drew much praise.

We saw a Papua New Guinea literature beginning to flourish but there was no national program to support it and, while the Crocodile Prize continues as a literary competition, there has been a weakening of the momentum that was evident even just a year ago.

Many Papua New Guineans can write but a major obstacle remains writing fluently in the English language itself. I believe if people can master that, they will read more and their writing will improve.

Right now, the state of PNG literature is poor. Literacy seems to be stuck at around 60%. Few schools have libraries and public libraries in towns and cities are scarce. Even university students struggle with their writing.

During my Australian tour, in an ABC radio interview, I proposed that the Australian government could lift the standard of English in PNG through its aid program. My cue for this was a 2013 PNG-Australia Ministerial Forum which agreed Australia would undertake an assessment of its aid investment in PNG.

They hoped this would better align both governments' priorities and position the aid program to address key constraints to sustainable economic growth and equitable development. It was noted back then that, even though PNG’s economy had grown strongly, it had not led to sustained development outcomes.

And so it proved, PNG went on and failed to meet any of its millennium development goals, being placed 156th out of 187 countries. The poor quality of education was a major part of this failure.

Daniel  Martyn Namorong & Prof Ken Mckinnon in Sydney
Daniel, Martyn Namorong & fellowship sponsor, former PNG director of education, Prof Ken McKinnon in Sydney, 2016

I suggested during the ABC interview that, through its annual aid package, Australia could consider improving the literacy skills of Papua New Guineans by recruiting Australian English teachers and lecturers as contract officers and volunteers and place them in situations from upper primary schools to universities.

A teacher who cannot comprehend English cannot effectively teach the subject. That is the dilemma confronting most PNG schools today.

Good English teachers and well-stocked libraries are what PNG students urgently need. These things are a launch pad for literate population and writing our own books is a stepping stone to a well-educated and higher achieving population.

UNESCO says that book publication is an important metric in determining the standard of living and education of a country. There are no records to show how many books PNG has published, although I know that over 40 titles have been published through Pukpuk Publications in recent years with no support and little encouragement from the government or from major NGOs.

I am the author of four of those books, which are available for purchase on Amazon.com. If purchases are by somebody out there in the world, it gives me great pleasure and a sense of having produced something worthy.

But nobody in PNG seems interested. Only the UPNG Bookshop sells copies of my books. One cannot make a living from writing where there is no reading culture and little encouragement of writers.

My fourth book, Remember Me, was launched recently by Education Secretary Dr Uke Kombra in Kundiawa during a Crocodile Prize presentation. I intend to launch two other books in Enga, the province of my origin.

I know some PNG-authored books would make perfect reading material for schools. One of my own books, I Can See My Country Clearly Now, is about my journey from birth to PNG’s independence and includes the knowledge and insights I gained from my travels and experiences in many countries.

I would encourage the government to buy books written by PNG authors and place them in educational institutions throughout the country to promote intellectual development, love of reading, pride in country and social cohesion.

The Enga provincial government headed by Grand Chief Sir Peter Ipatas has been promoting education for the last 21 years, so education here is indeed important. Enga Teachers College must continue its good work to pass on important knowledge emphasising that literature is key to the success of children in adult life.

But it’s time that this college as well as other educational institutions in PNG began to stock their libraries with suitable PNG-authored books.


Feed You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for this post.

Michael Dom

In a way we are fighting the nature of our society.

We're not a nation of readers and won't be for a long time yet.

But that's not to say that we shouldn't make a stand or put up a fight.

Keep on writing, keep on publishing, keep on talking about reading and encouraging it.

The government don't have to see the value because their people don't.

Not yet anyway.

Working with the school kids is the best way.

Better still, demonstrate the benefits of being an active reader and writer.

There's no economics in selling our PNG books except at the high end market like the little book shop at Jackson's International.

Give away some of your books for free because you're not going to make any money selling them.

(Once you get used to the idea it's not so bad.)

Give away some of your books for free because the low income earners can't afford them and the middle income earners have less to spend on 'high brow' stuff and may find books the poorer opportunity cost.

Get book circulation going.

Build a readership audience.

Grow interest in our literature.

If people read your stuff, good for them. If they don't, it's not on you.

Literature, even the contemporary stuff, is based on cultural phenomenon not commercial enterprise.

Even books from the best selling authors end up going almost for free in the second hand shops.

That's where I find lots of good reading material.

Maybe that's where we should start.

Jordan Dean

Basic formal education has been made free and mandatory in Papua New Guinea. But it must be pointed out that, “you can force a horse to the riverside, but you can’t force it to drink”.

In order to reap the optimum benefits from a most efficient formal education system, it is a combination of various factors such as good financial standing from parents, reading, writing and research by students, and a massive investment in infrastructure, teachers and teaching materials by the government. So with the swiftness with which we have enacted policies to make basic education mandatory, measures to inculcate reading culture among students and all the other components should be the same.

Reading is important, because if you can read, you can learn anything about everything and everything about anything. There are books readily available on amazon, not to mention our local libraries, books shops, street vendors and even some secondhand clothing shops but few read consistently, if any at all.

Writing is equally important. In spite of this, books written by our local writers don’t sell like hot cakes. To me, literacy is not a problem. With more than 25,000 grade twelve school leavers every year, that’s a lot of potential readers and buyers. My books go as low as ten kina on Amazon.

Ironically, Papua New Guineans can blow over fifty kina every day on cigarettes, buai and flex cards but can’t afford a book that costs ten kina!

Rashmii Bell

A timely article, Daniel.

The MWTE team has spent the early weeks of 2018 networking and pitching proposals to expand on the very points you've raised here.

I mentioned several strategies in a recent article but have also pursued others including a proposal to the Prime Minister's Office to endorse and align the MWTE Project with the national StARs policy.

As readers may be aware, and we have stated many times, the MWTE project (to date) is a wholly volunteer initiative in response to PNG's efforts to addressing the Sustainable Development Goals.

The anthology aligned itself with the UN's International Women's Day 2017 theme 'Be Bold for Change'; PNG Women writers used literature as a mechanism for advocating for social change.

In addition, it ventured to change the global lens through which the women of PNG is viewed through mainstream media. The proposal to the Prime Minister's Office was sent in early January, and remains unanswered.

In saying that, another disappointment has been the absence of response to supporting another Writer's Fellowship similar to that awarded to Martyn, Francis and Daniel in 2016.

In this case - a proposal that would see me undertake literary activities that would further the work of MWTE, in PNG and Australia.

It raises again the question of those willing to participate in providing equal access to opportunity for PNG men in comparison to PNG women.

Although, to be fair, the Fellowship proposal has been sent to only one private organisation and so, more effort is required by the team in pushing this agenda through.

If you know of anyone within your networks who may be willing to assist with this, please email me: (rashmiia@icloud.com), Keith or Phil to view the Proposal document.

Ultimately (as indicated in my previous article) a goal for MWTE is to stage a PNG Writer's Festival in 2018 for writers, editors and publishers.

Surely, this would be a way to generate interest from the national government, potential investors etc and gain momentum for PNG Writers and national literature.

Again, if you have contacts within your network that would be willing to provide financial support, please let me know.

Finally, in continuing the work of addressing PNG's efforts with the SDGs, I was pleased to distribute copies of MWTE at the recent Pacific Health Governance Workshop: Knowledge Translation for SDG implementation, hosted at the University of Queensland.

Among the recipients were Dr Colin Tukuitonga and Jo Chandler whom I had the pleasure of meeting.

Many thanks to Phil for organising that consignment of books, and thank you to all who have purchased copies from Amazon.

As you may know, in line with Pukpuk Publications vision royalties from books sales go towards the purchase and distribution of MWTE.

Verify your Comment

Previewing your Comment

This is only a preview. Your comment has not yet been posted.

Your comment could not be posted. Error type:
Your comment has been saved. Comments are moderated and will not appear until approved by the author. Post another comment

The letters and numbers you entered did not match the image. Please try again.

As a final step before posting your comment, enter the letters and numbers you see in the image below. This prevents automated programs from posting comments.

Having trouble reading this image? View an alternate.


Post a comment

Comments are moderated, and will not appear until the author has approved them.

Your Information

(Name and email address are required. Email address will not be displayed with the comment.)