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12 women who 'think equal, build smart & innovate for change'


BRISBANE - Readers might have believed that when PNG Attitude’s publisher and editor proclaimed post-surgery, “Now time to get this old cart back on the road”, the words were reflective rather than prescriptive. Nope.

Whereas 10 minutes helping my son with Year 5 long division means immediate, uninterrupted and unspecified rest on the sofa, PNG Attitude’s recovery from five-time spinal surgery means returning to his keyboard and the company of thousands of readers around the globe.

I guess individuals like Keith Jackson are wired differently.

A few short hours after his release from hospital, I received an email from Jackson who explained that, while he was late to International Women’s Day 2019, PNG Attitude still ought to mark the occasion by recognising the women of Papua New Guinea.

I was invited to nominate a handful of women and briefly explain why.

The International Women’s Day clarion call of ‘Think equal, build smart, innovate for change’ signalled the task for the year ahead.

Innovating to remove barriers and accelerate progress for gender equality. Encouraging investment to develop gender-responsive social systems. Building services and infrastructure to meet the needs of women and girls.

“It is vital that women’s ideas and experiences equally influence the design and implementation of the innovation that shape our future societies,” the United Nations has declared and, if this is to be achieved, it will require industry leaders, start-ups, social entrepreneurs, gender equality activists and women innovators engaging with women.

In 2019, the focus is on innovative approaches to disrupt business as usual, remove structural barriers and ensure no girl or woman is left behind.

For the past 13 years, PNG Attitude has constantly encouraged Papua New Guinean girls and women to participate in dismantling social barriers through their writing

The blog’s activist attitude, trans-border outlook, issues orientation and daily publication has done much to accelerate progress for gender equality in PNG.

Furthermore, it has always had an emphasis on inclusion and participation.

Some of these activities have included the Crocodile Prize, Pukpuk Publications, fundraising to assist individual writers, the Paga Hill McKinnon Writers Fellowship, writers’ workshops in PNG, collaboration with Australian literary festivals, mentoring emerging writers, supporting writers’ groups and continuing engagement with Papua New Guinean writers through social media and personal contact.

For me - whether through reading its articles, engaging in dialogue, networking or delivering project activities - PNG Attitude has been the key digital source that influences my thinking and helps me frame strategies and solutions to enable me to move faster towards achieving gender equality and equity in PNG.

Much of this came to fruition in the tangibility and disruption of the My Walk to Equality project, which proved to be a great achievement by a disparate group of Papua New Guinean women assisted by the Australian men who had established the Crocodile Prize.

My Walk to Equality broke through the bonds of inertia and resistance, briefly blazed in glorious light, still haltingly moves forward and refuses to be vanquished,

But it was not followed up by any institutional reinforcement, probably because it was bottom-up and, despite what they claim, the big institutions much prefer top-down. ‘Not invented here’ is such a large constraint on voluntary effort – no matter how effective and worthy – being picked up by those who have the resources to make more of it.

But let me move on to those eleven Papua New Guinean women who, through PNG Attitude and the MWTE Project, I consider innovators in their national and international contributions to achieving gender equality.

Their efforts and actions don’t often receive the public attention, endorsement or investment they deserve, frequently because ‘not invented here’ applies even to the laudable and socially progressive goals of gender equality.

The syndrome emerges from two key constraints: the boundaries that knowledge must bridge as it transfers between two entities; and the irrational devaluation or rejection of external knowledge by an entity.

The women nominated here, taken as a group, would be a formidable force for change in Papua New Guinea but there has been no appetite to utilise them or their ideas in a systematic and coherent way to achieve goals that continue to prove so elusive to large and well-resourced institutions.

If you are an industry leader, game-changing start-up, social entrepreneur or gender equality activist, I encourage you to consider how your efforts, plans, budgets and investments could contribute more effectively to support these women in their work and so contribute to a future capable of accelerating progress towards gender equality in PNG.

IMG_6975 Michelle RooneyDr Michelle Nayahamui Rooney

Dr Rooney is prolific in her written contributions to disseminate her scholarship of Papua New Guinean issues, particularly those affecting Manus society and its sad experience of hosting the Australia-funded euphemistically-designated regional processing centre for asylum seekers.

I admire Rooney’s proactive approach to translating her academic research in a manner that is inclusive, practical and encourages participation of the non-academic population through public access and online articles. Rooney’s regular publications have been extremely helpful to me in my contemplation of issues and in refining and expanding my own thinking about how girls and women are perceived, especially by non-Papua New Guineans.

I’ve spent considerable time thinking about her recent offering in which the discussion references colonial discourse, its impact on Papua New Guineans engaging in self-representation and how this plays out in the present day between PNG and Australia through relations of gender and security.

Rooney’s ‘gender trap diplomacy’ best illuminates my own understanding, about which I have previously written: “Gender equality is impossible to achieve if the language, legislation, attitudes, and behaviours expressed by those who act or speak on behalf of Papua New Guinea women continue to reinforce doubt about facts of our assertions and thereby incapacitate our right to speak out.”

Now more than ever, Papua New Guinean girls and women need to play a significant role in demanding and directing authentic self-representation when engaging or aligning with the former colonial power Australia and more recent influences including China and the United States.

IMG_6977 Roxanne AilaRoxanne Aila

Roxanne and I have a personal history that stretches back to our early primary school days at an international school in Port Moresby. It was a privilege but one that did not prove immune to life’s challenges in later years.  

With much admiration, and in various spaces, I have sat alongside Roxanne as she has contributed to dialogue about her experience in managing and overcoming depression. As an ambassador for the Beyond Blue organisation, Roxanne is dedicated to dismantling stigma and increasing non-judgemental public dialogue in Australia and PNG about an individual’s mental health.

Coupled with her yoga teaching, speaking and participating in workplaces and at community events, and through her blog and social media activities, Roxanne shines the spotlight on messages of positive thinking, mindfulness and meditation to assist others.

Alurigo Ravuriso-Kali

Alurigo is easily one of one of the top people with whom I would like to spend time on a regular basis if we lived in closer proximity. Connected through the MWTE Project, a recent opportunity to finally meet in-person was short-lived on account of a shared commonality - fulfilling parental responsibilities - whilst pursuing personal goals and ambition.

Nevertheless, as a role model for living through Christian faith whilst managing the realities of family life and a career, Alurigo’s warmth, authenticity and grounded nature is affecting, as are her reflections in the anthology essay ‘A Culture of Family’.

Alurigo champions positive representation through writing. She opts for a narrative that focuses on Papua New Guineans living in urban PNG who are thoughtful and give consideration to how the everyday challenges may be eased to make life more manageable, safer and happier. A culture of offering solutions and sharing.

IMG_6982 Betty WakiaBetty Wakia

Betty embodies the type of woman who understands the significance and necessity of proactively giving other PNG women a seat at the table when an opportunity presents itself. Truth be told, not being included and being denied access to influential platforms has been a major obstacle to the in-country impact of the MWTE Project.

Yet, Betty’s simple act of inviting us into her network saw our MWTE project come to wider attention and being nominated as the PNG country project for the United Nations Girls and Women’s Education Prize 2018. It was a welcome surprise, flawed only by PNG’s internet connectivity issues which got in the way of our preparation for the prize.

That said, the nomination demonstrated not only the advantages of teamwork in achieving a short-term goal as domestic and diaspora allies worked our way through UNESCO’s comprehensive online nomination process to ensure global attention was directed to PNG’s efforts in educating girls and women through indigenous literature.

IMG_6980 Pauline Mago-King IMG_6979 Leiao GeregaPauline Mago-King and Leiao Gerega

Pauline and Leiao are two journalists who have produced both creative and investigative writing informing the public about the status, progress and future directions of achieving gender equality in PNG.

Their approach encompasses perspectives from the female and male population in both urban and rural settings and interacting at the interface of government and non-government intervention. Leiao’s evocative poetry featured in the anthology extends to her print journalism and the project team recognised the potential of her written work by nominating her to present at last year’s Emerging Writers Festival in Australia, an application that was unfortunately unsuccessful.

Pauline, whilst reporting from New Zealand, extended an invitation for me to share my thoughts about the potential impact the APEC 2018 discussions would have on communities along the Kokoda Trail, especially girls and women. It was an opportune occasion during which I was able to convey what I had observed during my first trek of the Trail some months earlier, documented in the seven-part Trail of Woe series in PNG Attitude.

Alphonse HuviAlphonse Huvi

Alphonse was recently warmly congratulated by the MWTE project team on the publication and distribution of the Devare Adventist High School Anthology, a self-initiated project. I had been contacted by Alphonse in the very early stages of planning and was delighted at her milestone achievement and the efforts of students in producing the book.

In a parallel effort to her MWTE contribution, My Challenging Life, Alphonse had limited resources but with incredible supply hard work, effective communication and enthusiasm delivered a near-impossible feat in an environment where publishing indigenous literature is not considered to be an important priority.

IMG_6983 Theresa Meki IMG_6976 Tania BasiouTheresa Meki and Tania Basiou

Theresa and Tania have inspired audiences in their advocacy for gender-equality through film and photography respectively. Theresa’s collaboration with a team of writers, actors, producers, directors and support crew saw her contribute to the production of Aliko and Ambai. Like Betty Wakia, she invited me into her network providing the opportunity to both better understand her role in the project and to interact with the film’s director, Dr Mark Eby, to whom I conveyed my positive impressions of the film.

Aliko and Ambai demonstrated to me the potential of Papua New Guinean women in film, especially as screenwriters, to engage and impact minds of all ages with realistic portrayals about co-existing respectfully, peacefully and productively in the interests of a progressive nation.

Tania is of course well known as the cover designer and contributing author for the MWTE anthology. She is a splendid photographer with a stellar portfolio produced as a result of her private and collaborative project work. The images are distinctive and offer audiences an authentic experience of how a Papua New Guinean woman perceives evolving PNG communities and other aspects of the world around her.

IMG_6984 Mary KiniMary Kini

Mary Kini passionately and articulately conveyed her human rights advocacy when presenting at the Women of Wonder Festival in Brisbane last year. Mary engaged audience members (including me) as she described the hard work, sadness and hostility of offering safe spaces, temporary shelter and referral support for girls and women fleeing unsafe, hostile and often life-threatening situations in their communities, including sorcery accusation related violence.

There’s no sense in which Mary portrayed victimhood but she did clearly get across the problems of delivering help because of communication delays compounded by strained and limited resources. What Mary refrained from elaborating, but which was evident, was the self-sacrifice involved and the threats and danger involved in the predominantly, voluntary role of helping Papua New Guineans who are in trouble.

Elvina OgilElvina Ogil

Elvina is the creator and host of the first Papua New Guinean feminist podcast, Who Asked Her, which first aired (via Soundcloud) in May 2018 and has produced its sixth one-hour episode. These conversations offer the thoughts, opinions and argument of the host and invited (predominantly) Papua New Guinean guests who discuss on a wide-range of issues which have included feminism, cultural appropriation, abortion and neo colonialism.

Who Asked Her is refreshing, informative and thought-provoking and has gained a legion of listeners with the first episode receiving 1,300 listens (excluding downloads) and counting. Many people are eager to join the conversation and offer their views about contemporary PNG society via social media.

Speaking to ABC radio’s Tahlea Aualiitia of Pacific Mornings program on International Women’s Day, Elvina said her self-funded podcast has a wide-reach including into parts of rural PNG and observed that listeners have commended her initiative to encourage more participation, especially of girls and women, in PNG’s public conversation.

Rashmii & KeithRashmii Amoah Bell by Keith Jackson

Rashmii is a perceptive essayist, a deep intellectual curiosity in hot pursuit of further learning and a wanna-do can-do administrator. The trio don’t often travel in the same carriage. Especially not when there are young school children and related matters constituting the complexities of daily life.

Things become even tougher when good intentions and hard work bump into the everyday cynicism of people on the make and scenarios designed to be zero sum games. As I merge with old age, I have learned to pick the leaners and users. But this does have to be learned. And the process means bumping along some very rocky roads on the way.

It was Rashmii who something less than three years ago decided she’d like to produce a really big event for International Women’s Day 2017 in Papua New Guinea. An anthology of Papua New Guinean women’s writing no less. Never been done before. No templates or precedents. No structure whatsoever. Three months, in publishing is as good as no time at all. And there was no money. But there was a burning desire to succeed.

It happened. And it was the nearest thing to a miracle you’re ever likely to see on God’s good earth. The book itself was a triumph of writing and design. The two launches (in Port Moresby and Brisbane) were marvellous and memorable. The book was distributed in its hundreds, then thousands.

Then Rashmii pressed on to make her idea more than a book, to make it a locus of movement towards equality for girls and women. And that took guts as well as effort, and meant pushing against the forces of exploitation, envy and disdain that always arise at times like this. Rashmii doesn’t suffer fools gladly, and there were plenty of them.

Some two years later, My Walk to Equality can be seen as a triumphal moment. It could also have started a triumphal movement but it did not because there were more leaners than lifters, more slackers than backers and because it was “not invented here” but by a single mum who had a grand idea and the ambition and drive to see it happen.

There’s a lot more to this story, of course, there always is. There were more people, more incidents, more bumpy roads. And there will be a lot more to come. Papua New Guinea and Australia have not heard the last of Rashmii Bell. They’ve hardly heard the beginning.

A smart institution – not one dwelling in its own vainglory or fear of competitors, but one that is smart and open – would understand that to succeed it must adopt the best of breed, which often lies way beyond its own capabilities.

That’s where Rashmii is - along with many other women like those she has featured here.


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Rashmii Bell

No, I understood Philip Kai Morre's comments perfectly well.

Mathias and Philip - here's an idea: how about you both prepare articles based on selection criteria you deem fit and satisfies you to your heart's content?

Then have it run here on PNG Attitude and see whether I will challenge either of you about the worthiness of your nominees.

You'll find that I won't because, whilst I might not agree with your choices, 1) I respect that every person, especially women, deserves to have their contributions recognised and 2) I respect the time every writer invests in producing content to share with others on this blog, irrespective of my personal feeling towards them.

The misogyny this article has generated sickens me to my core.

I am exhausted by the subvert and overt personal attacks against me.

I am horrified that despite the efforts by the countless contributors of this blog who write on issues for the true advancement of PNG women, the daily information sharing, knowledge and education is still not sinking in for some.

Mathias Kin

Hello Philip - You have been a great man, your heart is always in place and you speak your mind on any issue.

It is unfortunate that your comment on Rashmii's article has been misunderstood by many.

I do agree that there are women of status and standing everywhere in PNG and particularly in our mountains as you alluded to. You named some of them.

And I also agree with your main point about the criteria used in the selection. However I don't want to drag it out here as I might be belted too.

Stay strong and keep speaking your heart.

Philip Kai Morre

I thank all those who accused me for my comment, and I take what you wrote positively.

All your commends are authentic and I learn from criticism and feedback whether positive or negative.

Rashmii Bell

Roxanne, Betty and Elvina - many thanks for your comments.

Irrespective of what Philip Kai Morre thinks, you all are remarkable women whose impact and influence I have observed and continue to witness evolving. Keep going!

Philip Kai More or anyone else who has a problem with me not working" in silence" or " boasting" are best taking their grievances to KJ, Phil, Gummi Fridriksson, Murray Bladwell, Bob Clelland, Lindsay Bond, Ed Brumby and Charlie Lynn OL OAM.

As male champions of mine, they've continually invested in me that I've been placed situations where I am reminded that women must highlight their achievements, or face the alternative - being silenced or ignored.

I don't need to reiterate that as a direct result of their investment, a lot of my NOT working in silence has meant that a lot of information, inspiration, commentary and debate that I have produced has been shared with many Papua New Guineans for their benefit also.

Elvina Ogil

Philip Kai Morre - 'My Walk to Equality' was and remains a landmark publication - contributed to by women across PNG, of varying ages and antecedents.

Rashmii was the author but many many PNG women contributed and their contributions made it what it is - the first anthology of women's literature in PNG. It isn't "her book" nor is it a step in a popularity contest as you so crudely allude to in your comment.

Rashmii and Keith's piece was not meant to be exhaustive and had you read it in context, you perhaps would have appreciated its intent better.

Finally, this whole "women should be humble" trope you're peddling is tired. It's 2019. Retire the misogyny and bring something new to the discussion.

Betty Gabriel Wakia

Philip Kai Morre, we would love to know about the women you have mentioned in your comment. I think you should write an article about them too. PNG women writers are here to promote other women's achievements.

Here I have mentioned 6 powerful inspirational PNG women in my article. I would love to add some of them.


Roxanne Aila

Thank you Rashmii for sharing and for your support. Not only to me, but to many aspiring writers in PNG.

I also find your Philip Kai Morre's comments offensive. Yes actually you are knocking me/us. Please don't make assumptions on my background or other women here and make snap judgements and take away from my sincere efforts or my colleagues.

Recognise genuine intention to support the growth and development in PNG and abroad. Does it matter if someone is from an 'elite' background or a grassroots background If the end goal is the same?

We want and all agree that we need to support literacy, education and work collectively to support PNG. No one is stopping you from writing and sharing your thoughts on women breaking ceilings in PNG if you think I am not worthy or my colleagues.

In fact, please share them. We need more stories to educate and empower women and work towards gender equality.

For every woman breaking glass ceilings there are many who cannot see the ceilings. Do your bit to shine a light and support all women making their way in their world instead of being highly critical or what is.

Rashmii Bell

Philip Kai Morre - "But let me move on to those eleven Papua New Guinean women who, through PNG Attitude and the MWTE Project, I consider innovators in their national and international contributions to achieving gender equality."

That's the measurement and matrix you're seeking - had you bothered to read, pause and digest my words.

I don't use anyone to capitalise on my writing. I produce content - I write.

Regularly. And I seek the platform of PNG Attitude to publish.

I also gave you my blueprint last week, in case you forgot.

Don't waste my time again. This is the last time I will respond to your uninformed, baseless criticism.

Philip Kai Morre

What sort of measurement and matrix are we using to select those 12 women who may be standing tall among other women in PNG. You only select those women whom you know best but how about others.

Rashmii is getting popular for her book, 'My walk to Equality' but they are women giants who achieve their work silently.

They don't boast about themselves but let others talk about them. They are many women who achieve their dreams in all works of life.

In Simbu we have many women who are writers, advocates and academics like Sarah Garap, and Roslyn Tony. Women advocates like Elizabeth Cox have done so much for both nationally and internationally. Sarah Garap is an author of a book and Roslyn Tony is one of the contributors towards 'My Walk to Equality' but who will acknowledge her plus other contributors whom Rashmii is capitalising on.

Philip, your comment is unfair. I asked Rashmii to nominate her own women heroes and she did. You have just nominated some of your own, which is also good. We do not promote women by dragging down other women. If you wish to write an article on high achieving Chimbu women and girls, I would welcome that - and the same for any other reader who wants to pay tribute to the remarkable women who hold PNG together and make it a better place - KJ

Philip Fitzpatrick

I'm familiar with the work of most of the women in Rashmii's list but I don't know much about Mary Kini.

Would it be possible to find out more about her Elizabeth?

Rashmii Bell

An important piece as a result of great collaboration - thanks KJ.

It's interesting this notion of 'invented here' and the hypocrisy of which I've seen it play out just recently.

Another diaspora-led, non- literary project that has been rather invisible and inconsistent in its contributions to public discourse about gender inequality in PNG received significant endorsement and sponsorship to stage a public event.

This, in my opinion, confirms that it's not what you do say, but rather what you don't say, that will get you funding. Clearly, its also about 'networks' and abiding by the 'rules' at all times - in effect, discouraging authentic self-representation.

Nevertheless, as I mentioned in my recent 'crazy blueprint' piece, it's best to function with no illusions about who is genuine about supporting literary endeavours for PNGns.

This applies to the institutions, organisations, as well as individuals. The goal is to move forward, not continue in circles waiting in vain for acceptance, approval, inclusion and funding. Nurturing the existing, mutually respectful relationships reigns priority.

As Phil has described, the necessity of hearing the voices of past times/ present day marginalised PNG women illustrates the significance of reviving the Crocodile Prize and the future anthology publications by MWTE or that by high school students as the project facilitated by Alphonse Huvi in Bougainville.

Of course, there are and have been obstacles to reaching the rural and remote communities and this is where innovative activity (highlighted above) might inform, encourage and facilitate participation, providing an opportunity for PNG girls and women to write in their own words about their lived experiences of gender inequality, and hopes for its dismantling.

I can be reached on rashmiia@icloud.com if anyone would like to make contact with the 11 women profiled.

Elizabeth Cox

Mary Kini has no elite connections. She is well networked with grassroots activists and human rights defenders across PNG and the wider Pacific.

Thank you Rashmii for honouring Mary. Twenty years of selfless work. So much hardship, so much struggle.

In solidarity, I salute her and those like her, who stay on the frontlines of women's battle for dignity and lives free from violence.

Philip Fitzpatrick

A couple of observations, with the caveat that I'm certainly no expert nor can I account for any great success in what I suggest.

With respect to "not invented here" I can report that this is indeed a serious inhibiting factor for many worthwhile endeavours.

This struck me vividly when we were seeking support from such institutions as UPNG and Australia's DFAT when developing the Crocodile Prize. It wasn't their idea therefore they didn't want to know about it and only offered token support.

The PNG government wasn't even prepared to offer token support. It simply ignored our existence.

What that experience reinforced was my belief in the wisdom of leading from behind and, in particular, creating the impression in the heads of those whose support you seek that whatever it was you want to achieve is actually their idea.

In my working life I don't know how many times I've used this strategy and watched people charge off enthused about what they think is their brilliant idea.

This is an interesting approach because it requires setting aside your own ego. A lot of people find this particularly difficult. It is a sad truth that for those people noble causes are dependent upon personal recognition.

Another observation apparent in the list of notable women above is their relationship to what is generally accepted as PNG's elite. They can all attribute their success in varying degrees to membership of this group.

Membership of this group has given them access to such things as a good education and social and economic security.

I'm not knocking this fact in any way. It is laudable that they have used this privilege to further the cause of all women in PNG. Many women in this position are content to enjoy such privilege without any thought of their less endowed sisters.

What I would point out, however, is that there are stories of many women from much more humble backgrounds who have also contributed to the cause of women's equality in PNG, often in very trying circumstances.

Those women who have survived domestic violence or accusations of witchcraft and gone on to create strong precedents need to be lauded just as much as their luckier cousins.

Finally, I must support Keith's observation about there being many leaners in proportion to actual lifters in endeavours like those championed by people like Rashmii.

I would also add that in such endeavours success always attracts exploiters. We had experience of those during our work with the Crocodile Prize. They are a bane that require vigilance.

Betty Gabriel Wakia

So honoured to be among the 'think equal, build smart & innovative for change'. Thank you Rashmii A Bell and Keith Jackson for the recognition of these 12 women.

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