How literature can deliver for PNG
Did Wi’s good judgement survive?

The genocide next door

‘Sorong Samarai'
For the last decade Rize of the Morning Star has been spreading the message ‘Sorong Samarai - One people, one soul, one destiny’ (illustration by Moale James)

| Pacific Media Watch | Edited extracts

BRISBANE - “West Papuans are being denied their basic human rights. Human beings have a right to freedom,” says Richard Mogu.

“Freedom to be treated fairly like a human being. Freedom to be respected. To have your own dignity and pride. This is being taken away from West Papuans.”

Richard is a Papua New Guinean musician and activist currently touring with fellow Papuans and West Papuans in the band, Rize of the Morning Star.

For the last decade Rize has been spreading the message, ‘Sorong Samarai. One people, one soul, one destiny.’

In 2016 the song Sorong Samarai, composed by Airileke Ingram and featuring the duo Twin Tribe, was released. The song itself leaves the listener feeling empowered and inspired to create change as the lyrics sing:

“Rise up freedom fighter. Rise up and take your stand again. Bird of paradise never die in vain. Melanesia you, me rise up again.

“For those who live in darkness, consider the light afar. Dawn of a new day come. With the rise of the morning star … Sorong Samarai. One people. One soul. One destiny.”

The video shows powerful footage of men, women and children proudly raising the Morning Star flag, painting it across their bodies in protest against the Indonesian government.

This act is a chargeable offence in West Papua, with people having been persecuted for this simple act of freedom, to be able to fly the Morning Star flag.

The message of Sorong Samarai itself suggests that from the tip of West Papua at Sorong to the eastern point of the island of New Guinea, Samarai, the people of New Guinea are one, with the same destiny, to be free.

This song is a rallying cry for all Papua New Guineans to unite and stand together for the freedom of all their people.

There are many who echo stories of these human rights abuses under the hand of the Indonesian government and militia.

“There is a war going on next door. People here [in Australia and Papua New Guinea] they don’t know about it,” says West Papuan refugee and dancer, Sam Roem

“My father went to jail for 10 years for speaking out for West Papuans. He was charged with a death sentence. Activists and independent journalists are being taken [by Indonesian military]. They are killed and then thrown in rivers.”

When 15 years-old, Sam fled the genocide in his hometown of Merauke in a small dinghy with his older brother and 41 others.

After being lost at sea for a week with only food scraps to eat, their canoe came to rest on the shore of Cape York in Australia.

At 30 years old, you can now find him performing with Rize of the Morning Star sharing his art as a dancer and his story as a refugee.

“My parents were tortured by Indonesian military,” Sam says.

“I felt then and still feel now anger and pain. I want to do something in my home. But what can I do? I don’t want to be stupid and get myself killed.”

Nicclaude Domini (stage name Ukam Maniczy) is a 22-year old West Papuan musician and rapper. Nicclaude is currently wanted by Indonesian authorities for speaking out against the government’s abuse.

Despite calling many places in Indonesia home, people like Sam and Nicclaude have been forced to either flee or go into hiding due to the threat of persecution back in their home country.

There are more than 11,000 West Papuans living in refugee camps or in exile overseas.

Stop genocideAt times, for these men and many others, the battle can seem hopeless. Despite the efforts of many West Papuans, activists, government officials and even the United Nations, the Indonesian government is still in control.

West Papuans are still trying to survive the genocide being committed by the Indonesian government and associated militia. About 528,000 West Papuans have lost their lives at the hands of brutal military and government since the Indonesian occupation in 1963.

“This is an issue of genocide,” says journalist and chief editor of West Papua media, Nick Chesterfield, who has been working with Rize of the Morning Star and other independent journalists for the last 13 years.

“There are 250 language groups in West Papua alone. It is the most linguistically and culturally diverse place on earth.

“There is a complete human uniqueness that has been lost in this genocide. The loss of old knowledge and the loss of ancient land custodianship.

“When the primary human right of self-determination is suppressed that is a tragedy for everyone.”

West Papuans have been protesting more frequently and powerfully than ever before. Since the anniversary of the 1962 New York Agreement in August there have been a number of rallies and protests by West Papuans. The response from Indonesian militia and the government has been severe.

Many civilians have been arrested, militia have opened fire on demonstrators, and cases of mutilations, killings and sexual assaults have increased.

It reached a point where there was a complete internet blackout across West Papua, preventing any international media attention and support.

The fight for freedom and independence for West Papua is not over. It has not been an easy fight and there have been many sacrifices and consequences for those brave enough to protest.

Although, there has been so much pain, West Papuans still hope for their freedom. The members of Rize of the Morning Star still have hope as they continue to spread their message.

Sorong Samarai. One people, one soul, one destiny.

Moale James is a journalism student at the University of Queensland


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David Kitchnoge

Indeed. One people, one soul, one destiny. Sorong Samarai.

Cannot be more definitive!

Arthur Williams

Only this afternoon I finished ‘The Great Volcano’ by ex-China Inland Mission David Bentley-Taylor written in 1961.

He had joined CIM and went to China in 1938 and even worked with the famous Chinese Christian Watchman Nee who would later spend the last 20 years of his life in prison for his beliefs.

In 1950-51 missionary work in China was forced to cease so David and his wife became missionaries for its successor OMF (Overseas Missionary Fellowship).

The couple were posted to partially independent Indonesia. A lot of their work of evangelism was either among the Muslims or supporting the Christian communities of Java.

When they arrived it was expected that the longtime Chinese residents would soon quit Indonesia but it was in fact the Westerners who would suffer most and feel so in secure that they were the ones who were leaving.

Throughout the book he often encounters what he calls anti-white sentiments as backlash to years of colonial dominance but his style of working with the local people from diverse backgrounds kept him safe.

While this autobiographical book is mostly concerned with him and his wife’s fervent desire to expand Christianity there are many snippets of non-religious life in the often hectic ten years they worked there.

He even mentions blackout restrictions as they expected air raids from Dutch air force because of the unsolved West New Guinea problem.

As early as June 1945 it had been one of the tenets of Sukarno’s five point ‘Pancasila’ manifesto that required a united Indonesian state stretching from Sabang at the tip of Aceh to Merauke in West New Guinea.

It seems West Irian was coined during the President’s first era. He also renamed Mt Carstensz as Poentja Soekarno. Later it would become Puncak Jaya.

It is only reading some of the back stories of the rise of Indonesia that I can see how the USA, UK, Australia were terrified of the red peril expanding out of Asia. Apparently the CIA was early involved in supporting rebels during Sukarno’s presidency until they were found out.

It also adds flesh to the suggested reason for the suppression of the 1964 ‘Vote for President Johnson' movement on my wife’s island was because of the alleged ‘land is held in common’ idea surely being a manifestation of communism in Australian New Guinea.

Of course any wise DDA officer in Canberra should have read the many reports coming from its kiaps or field officers there that would have explained New Guinea's thousands of years old land tenure system was born many many centuries before Karl Marx.

Of course being 80 I have seen stupid politicians of the USA, UK etc trying to flex their muscles in other nations' backyards from Korea to Colombia and all places in between.

It is claimed Secretary of State Kissinger was only coincidentally in Bangkok the night before Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor and that he now calls the atrocities that followed the invasion - including possibly 200,000 dead - "regrettable."

Hell you’d think he was from Texas where everything is big and so 200,000 dead is no problem.

Kissinger was alleged to be a friend of West Papua but this must have meant he was once a director of the Freeport mine that daily dumps over 220,000 tonnes daily into a river: “Causing no risk to any subsistence fishermen or river dwellers.”

Recent USA adventures in the Middle East saw them funding and training guerrillas that had self proclaimed themselves as freedom loving democrats seeking to get rid of the Russians from Afghanistan or remove President Assad of Syria.

This followed similar policy patterns seen in Argentina, Bangladesh, Iraq, Libya, with deadly results for the peoples of those nations such as Chile’s Allende regime change and lately Ukraine.

One would think after Vietnam someone in Washington would have read about these failures of foreign policy or does the military industrial complex with Wall Street actually run the government.

It seems West Papua’s 60 years struggle and thousands of deaths is of no particular interest to Britain, Australia or USA - at least until China may decide it is part of their backyard. Time will tell.

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