The deliberate corrosion of public service
The wreckage they left behind

Corporate vandalism need not be so

Of the thousands of images of the Panguna copper and gold mine on Bougainville, this must be the most dramatic. An armed guerrilla fighter looks over the deserted mine during the 1988-1998 civil war


‘If you want to change culture you will have to start by changing the organisation’ - Mary Douglas

BRISBANE – In addition to the corporate vandalism and carnage reprised in my Digging & Dumping piece the other day, several other contentious mining ventures await approval from the Papua New Guinea government.

I had included the Wafi-Golpu joint venture southwest of Lae on this list until it received approval a couple of days ago.

Others still waiting are the PanAust Frieda River copper project in the Sepik hinterland and the Geopacific Resources gold mine on Woodlark Island.

Corporate websites and environmental impact statements always depict a patina of purity, a pursuit of perfection amidst relentless propaganda, doublespeak and alluring photos which mask a sinister deification of shareholder theory.

An organic veneer disguises an architecture of oppression ruthlessly enforced by mercenary and socially autistic senior executives with high hopes and zero vision.

This is the paradigm that destroys communities, vandalises learning and ignores wisdom.

It is underpinned by a callous militaristic clockwork regime employing a ‘fit in or fcuk off’ contingent labour hire workforce in which every last one of you is just another brick in the wall.

Many of the projects look like nothing more than a festering Ponzi scheme using borrowed money which, whether they get to repay it or not, is of little concern.

Charles Dickens knew people of this mettle when he described credit as “a system whereby a person who cannot pay gets another person who cannot pay to guarantee that he can pay.”

It’s no longer a matter of whether the venture implodes or explodes but how long it takes before the event happens.

There is of course a half-hearted quest for a scapegoat but the carousel of culpability moves on and any sympathy for the losers falls somewhere between shit and syphilis in its sincerity.

The chief executive officer is rewarded with a golden parachute and eventually bestowed with an order of chivalry, its hierarchical importance inversely proportional to the recipient’s emotional intelligence.

No last rights

Part of a memorial at Moranbah in Queensland which is a tribute to miners who died in work accidents (ABC Tropical North, Holly Richardson)

‘Justice and judgement lie often a world apart’ - Emmeline Pankhurst

In most countries under a British colonial influence, major transport or industrial disasters are followed by a coronial inquest, a sombre and daunting event where naïve workers traumatised by sudden death suffer again in the sterile vacuum of an official witch hunt.

Its officer of the crown, the coroner, is appointed in the expectation he will protect corporate and state interests and avoid establishing liability.

It’s an anachronistic institution in which unexplained or sudden demise is categorised in enigmatic findings such as misadventure, accidental death, suicide, natural causes or an open finding where heads are scratched and regrets mumbled about evidence that didn’t pass muster.

Beneath the magisterial dignity of official inquiry, proffered sympathy and sensitive acknowledgement lurks an agenda of how death can be explained without apportioning blame or liability.

This grim enactment is charged with blame and guilt although nobody is on trial. Seasoned barristers believe cross examining at coronial inquests is akin to working with both hands tied behind their back, the inquisitorial wolf forced into sheep’s clothing with an end result usually disappointing and painful for grieving families whose only parole is death or dementia.

A coronial inquest typically kicks bereaved dependents and any survivors in the guts when they are at their most vulnerable. They are left chasing smoke with many answers blowing in the wind like the withering flowers on a roadside traffic accident shrine.

After the Hillsborough football stadium disaster at Sheffield, South Yorkshire, crushed lifeless 96 spectators in 1989, the coronial inquest returned controversial findings of accidental death.

Following this verdict a bereaved and despondent father stayed behind in the intimidating courtroom and made observations that were quite extraordinary:

“At the end of Dr Popper’s inquest I witnessed something that proved my opinion that Dr Popper was too close to the police.

“After the verdicts were delivered everyone left the courtroom but I stayed behind for a little while.

“As I left the council chamber I saw Dr Popper’s office. The door was open and I could see police officers inside laughing.

“I then saw two further police officers emerge either from a lift or stairs. They were carrying crates of wine and beer and they took it into the office.

“They were having a celebration. Dr Popper was in there with the police. An officer saw me and slammed the door in my face.”

Beyond harm there was no closure, just the obstinate torment of burning injustice, the agony exacerbated by sinister delay, denial and dire tactics.

The suffering compounded by derisory compensation, flawed procedure, enigmatic findings and the patronising personality of unaccountable power.

On 26 April 2016, after a new inquest lasting more than two years, the longest case ever heard in British legal history, the jury reached a verdict that the 96 were unlawfully killed due to the gross negligence of the police officer in command, Chief Superintendent David Duckenfield. The jury’s determination explicitly absolved the victims of any blame.”

But behind the exculpation lay 27 years of a pageant which sacrificed truth and accountability to secure assets, socialise loss and protect the reputations of the powerful at the expense of the betrayed and grieving powerless.

In Australia, there have been several controversial coronial inquests and public inquiries - Whiskey Au Go Go, Luna Park, Childers hostel, Dreamworld and the 2020 Anglo American Grosvenor coal mine explosion.

In Papua New Guinea, law and order issues always attract significant media attention with an emphasis on raskol street crime in major cities.

However, many corporate recidivists are provided with freedom to harm and much white collar crime in the mining and minerals sector remains unpunished. Devastation is easier and more spectacular than creation.

There is a better way

Port Sunlight War Memorial
The Port Sunlight War Memorial in Cheshire, UK, on which Bernard Corden's grandfather's sacrifice is inscribed and his grandmother's remembered

‘He who opens a school door closes a prison’ - Victor Hugo

'There is more enjoyment in life than a mere going to and returning from work, and looking forward to Saturday night to draw their wages' - Lord Leverhulme

In September 2021 many Chinese Communist Party (CCP) apparatchiks attended a two-day conference in Beijing, where President Xi Jinping announced the need for China to expand its talent pool and attract science and technology professionals.

The omnipotent dictator for life also recommended rigorous regulation of high incomes to complement the CCP’s doctrine of common prosperity with the intent bridging the chasm of urban and rural inequality, preventing exploitation of the underclass and alleviating absolute poverty.

Much of Xi’s rhetoric sounded eerily familiar to John F Kennedy’s aphorism that a rising tide lifts all boats or Ronald Reagan’s trickle-down economics. But who was there to say.

In the modern world’s worship of celebrity culture, historical memory can be dangerous and dissent is recognised as a curse.

In the United Kingdom at the turn of the twentieth century, the doctrine of common prosperity was supported by Lord Leverhulme.

It involved establishment of a large soap and detergent manufacturing complex in Cheshire on a marshy swamp at Bromborough Pool, a tidal creek just beyond the jurisdiction and bureaucracy of the Liverpool port authorities.

Lord Leverhulme (1851-1925)

A garden village was constructed nearby to accommodate many of the factory’s full time employees. Its model housing provided materially decent living conditions for working people.

Lord Leverhulme inspired recreation and encouraged the promotion of art, literature, science and music. Additional benefits included welfare schemes, further education and entertainment facilities.

It was a bold and benevolent experiment in socialising business relations by sharing corporate profits.

Port Sunlight village, as it was known, represented an embodiment of benevolent industrial feudalism.

Every section was designed by different architects and included quaint boulevards with expansive strips of unfenced immaculate lawns and the rear gardens of each dwelling were discreetly concealed from its main thoroughfares.

The estate was equipped with allotments, public buildings, social services and other essential community infrastructure: the Lady Lever Art Gallery, a cottage hospital, a theatre and music hall, schools, churches, a temperance hotel and an outdoor swimming pool.

In my own family, conversations about Port Sunlight village rekindle fond memories. After many years of persistence and tactful diplomacy from my cousin, our maternal grandfather’s name was recently added to and inscribed on the Port Sunlight War Memorial near the Lady Lever Art Gallery in the centre of the village.

During World War I, my grandfather, employed at the Lever Brothers factory in Port Sunlight, was conscripted and sent off to fight soon after my grandmother, a fiery colleen from Dublin’s fair city, became pregnant.

My grandfather never returned home. He was killed in action somewhere near the Franco-German border. My mother never saw her father.

Almost a decade later, during the Great Depression, a naïve representative from the Department of War knocked on my grandmother’s door and delivered her deceased husband’s service medals.

Our family stories suggest it was not a pretty sight. My grandmother vehemently proclaimed a few loaves of bread and other sustenance would have been more appropriate and better appreciated.

The trinkets were thrown in the official’s face and he was struck over the head with an iron poker, the gaping wound produced a few cupfuls of claret and requiring several stitches.

It seems no criminal charges were laid.

After meticulous investigation, my cousin eventually retrieved the medals and mounted a successful campaign to have my grandfather’s name inscribed on the Port Sunlight village war memorial.

Following my mother’s funeral in 2011, I visited her stepsister who had worked as a supervisor in the Lever Brothers factory canteen and lived in one of the charming company houses in the village.

I strolled to the monument in the centre of the village to pay my respects and found my grandfather’s name inscribed thereon.

My mother had never discussed her misfortune or prolonged adversity. We discovered her plight only during conversations with my cousin at the wake following her funeral.

My late brother, Ron Corden, began his career as a chartered accountant in the Unilever Export Limited division at its Port Sunlight headquarters.

This was followed by a brief stint of compulsory national service with the Cheshire Regiment. It involved guarding Rudolf Walter Richard Hess at Spandau Prison in western Berlin.

After national service, Ron returned to the United Kingdom and Lever Brothers and eventually secured important tenure with the United Bank of Africa in Lagos, Nigeria.

In 1969, he began work with the Papua New Guinea Investment Corporation in Port Moresby. Several readers of PNG Attitude, elder statesmen and former kiaps may remember him.

Following independence in 1975, Ron was appointed company secretary with South Pacific Brewery at its original manufacturing site near Badili.

His acquaintances included Chris Ashton, Bruce Flynn, John Tideman, Warren Pearson, Keith Tetley, Peter Colley, Dick Kelly, Seth Grady, Jim Sinclair, Pelak Sapul and others.

My athletics career in the early 1980s involved several years as captain of the Wirral Athletic Club at Port Sunlight, used during the filming of Chariots of Fire in 1981.

The bold and speedy men of the Wirral Athletics Club in 1911. Some years later Bernard Corden set a record for the 10,000 metres that stands to this day

Following my extensive lobbying of local councillors, the deteriorating dog track was eventually replaced by a modern synthetic version. The picturesque grandstand remains, heritage protected.

There is an interesting athlete’s name recorded on the Wirral Athletic Club male cross country champions (under 18) 1933-34 roll of honour: former UK prime minister, Harold Wilson.

I still hold the club record for 10,000 metres and in 1983, just before emigrating to Australia, I finished fourth in the Nike International Vancouver Marathon. A photo of me approaching the finish line is prominently displayed on a wall in the clubhouse changing rooms.

In 1999, the charming exurbia was handed over to the Port Sunlight Village Trust and is no longer owned by the company.

The cottage hospital was closed for many years but was elegantly refurbished and has recently reopened as the plush Leverhulme Hotel. The nearby outdoor pool was converted into a garden centre and cafeteria.

Although most of the houses are now privately owned, the village remains captivatingly unique and current residents fervently protect its architectural merit and charisma.

Christopher Wren's memorial stone and epitaph in St Paul's Cathedral, London

The legacy of Lord Leverhulme at Port Sunlight village provides a remarkable contrast to the rapacious and barbaric plundering of Rio Tinto at Panguna on Bougainville Island or BHP at Ok Tedi in the Western Province of Papua New Guinea.

It reinforces what can be achieved through a transdisciplinary approach with genuine leadership, which is bequeathed by followers and underpinned by commitment, respect and humility.

Si monumentum requiris circumspice. If you would seek my monument, look around you.


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Philip Fitzpatrick

I patrolled through there in the late 1960s Arthur and later did a desktop summary for a consultancy company vying for the social mapping work.

I'd never heard the word P’nyang before and still don't know where it originated.

What I did work out however was that the so-called landowners vying for a piece of the action don't come from the area.

None of it surprised me.

Arthur Williams

3 Dec 2021 - Law passed to enable P'nyang project (The National)

“Oil and Gas (P’nyang LNG Project) (Amendment) Bill 2021 to amend the Oil and Gas Act (1998) was passed yesterday in Parliament to allow for the development of the P’nyang gas project in Western”.... report further said...

“..was contemplated by the heads of agreement executed by the State and ExxonMobil on Sept 28, which among other things, provides for the processing of the application of a petroleum development licence for P’nyang gas project to be unaffected by the amendment of the Oil and Gas Act 2020, number 11 of 2020”

In the June 2020 Amendment the Parliament DEMANED & PASSED among other amendments
1. Live data reporting and 2.The scope of petroleum agreements and gas agreements to be reduced.

Reporting on the changes at the time '20200618 Industry changes afoot' claimed
That as Key takeaways from the new Act for the mining industry were:
1 Live data reporting
Every operating mine in PNG must provide 'live data' on mineral production, extraction and sales, and must submit all mineral and geological data and information to the Mineral Resources Authority. These obligations are in addition to extensive information rights of the State already in force. The limits of the new obligations are not clear, which is concerning given that failure to comply with the obligations is an offence. This new regime raises both confidentiality and logistical issues. The State may view this new disclosure regime as a natural corollary of the land reservation mechanism......

2 The scope of petroleum agreements and gas agreements has been reduced, so that these agreements can no longer be used to regulate the application of laws to a project (eg to fix a fiscal regime for the life of a project).

So we now know how Exxon screwed the PM and his advisers during their junket to Exxon HQ in Texas. In this week's Oily Conference the PM said of P'nyang Project it is, “One of PNG's hanging fruits!” No wonder Exxon boss was smiling perhaps as he privately thought 'Yeh Man!..just another banana nation.'

Over to the Western Province MPs to take PM to task as for years they have been wanting P'nyang to be a 'Stand Alone Project' for the province and importantly a seat at all negotiating discussions of their provincial resource that in their absence has just been downgraded at behest of the developer. Ironically the Governors of Gulf, Hela were in the PM's Hootenanny.

Funny how China is the non-white person in the woodpile but the Yankee or European commerce raiders are our submarine, tailings friends.

William Dunlop

Ach now, Bernard, Arthur, a wheen o' years ago; the boyos to name but a few $ - Obelgharts. Carnegie the steely Scotsman, Vanderbilt, Rockefeller and Ulsterman Mellon the banker. Aye jest taking their turn on the tiller.

Arthur Williams

Cartel time again. Here's an enlightening story about Exxon. PNG's favourite exploiter is now joined at hip with Santos after they bought out Oil Search. Shows what lengths it will got to squash any criticism of it.

The bit about Texas law on which it has so far relied is also revealing about the Land of the Free. Worth a read, 'A US small-town mayor sued the oil industry, then Exxon went after him':

You can also watch the movie series 'Goliath' if your are interested in the legal shenanigans against the monolith resource exploiters.

It is almost COP26 time in Glasgow when we shall be hearing diplomat-spik.

Arthur Williams

The Gulf Province LNG Project is coming in 2027, it seems. Was it renamed PNG LNG to confuse Gulf landowners and politicians.

If it looks like it and smells like it, it must surely be a cartel of Exxon, Total, Santos (close to owning Oil Search) and few minnows.

Sadly the PNG exspurts think their recently gained knowledge is enough to deal with the Oilygarchs and over a hundred years of corporate shenanigans. Caveat venditor.

Bernard Corden

Dear Lindsay - Many thanks for the Port Sunlight village link. It features Primrose Hill and the house (to the right-hand side of the Mini Cooper) where my mother's step-sister lived.

Salop is an older alternative name for Shrewsbury. Wilfred Owen, the renowned World War I poet was born nearby at Oswestry and attended my alma mater, Birkenhead Institute.

The additional link reinforces what encouraged RH Tawney to write 'Religion and the Rise of Capitalism' in 1926.

Lindsay F Bond

Ten thousand metres it is, fact checked on the web. Already in the running of worthwhile reads at PNG Attitude.

Well done, Bernard, peninsular product and paragon. I thank you particularly for pointing out Port Sunlight village.

On that curiosity of mental 'degrees of separation', based somewhat on KJ having unwittingly put to me the mythical image of a Cheshire feline, my drift is to the nearby county of Shropshire, where once lived a head gardener and a forebear of mine.

He was earlier an artist at Kew Gardens and notably produced drawings of produce conveyed to England. His son, after early years at Salop, ventured to Victoria. I rejoice.

But back to Port Sunlight village:

I note that the website Pinterest has imagery labeled with the word 'paternalist'. And guess what, this leads to a 'business' perspective:

Bernard Corden

Corrupter and corrupted – they’re all the same:

“One of the necessary accompaniments of capitalism in a democracy is political corruption.” — Upton Sinclair

Bernard Corden

If you think Rio Tinto and BHP are ruthless predators, have a read what Chevron have been up to in Ecuador:

Chevron has substantial interests in Western Australia, which include the Gorgon and Wheatstone projects:

Bernard Corden

Rio Tinto - Juukan Gorge:

'Inquiry into the destruction of 46,000 year old caves at the Juukan Gorge in the Pilbara region of Western Australia'

BHP Samarco:

'BHP forced back to English court in $9.4b Samarco class action'

Here is an extract from the recent Queensland Parliamentary Inquiry report into the resurgence of black lung throughout its coal mining sector

"The committee invited senior executives from five major coal mine operators to attend and give evidence in person before the committee. Initially, all five companies agreed to do so voluntarily.

"However, the committee was most disappointed that BHP Billiton - Australia’s largest coal mine operator - after initially indicating its willingness to cooperate fully with the committee, subsequently declined to voluntarily provide further evidence relevant to its operations at Broadmeadow mine.

"Instead, the committee exercised its power to require the attendance of those executives by

Bernard Corden

Many thanks, Keith.

Yesterday morning I was at the Spring Hill Centenary Pool on Gregory Terrace near Victoria Park.

The Hon Trevor Evans MP, federal member for Brisbane and Assistant Minister for Waste Reduction and Environmental Management was on the hustings under a campaign shade cloth shelter on the nature reserve.

I went over and introduced myself and asked about the PanAust Frieda River project in the Sepik and explained that PanAust is a Chinese company incorporated in Australia with its head office in the heart of his electorate at James Street in Fortitude Valley.

He gave me his business card and I promptly forwarded all the details of the Save the Sepik campaign.

The federal environment minister is Sussan Ley:

Ian Hollingsworth

I think that blaming Rio Tinto and BHP for social dysfunction at Panguna and Ok Tedi seriously neglects PNG government culpability for corruption and institutional incompetence in delivering services to citizens, exacerbated by the remoteness of mining projects.

The life expectancy of Faiwol people at Ok Tedi doubled after mining. There has been a population explosion there.

The skilled workers from Panguna practically ran construction and mining in PNG.

All without much more from the democratic PNG government than handing out scraps to public servants and buying real estate in Australia.

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